By Jeremy Agnew
This booklet explores the function and impression of drink and medication (primarily opium) within the previous West, which for this e-book is taken into account to be the USA west of the Mississippi from the California gold rush of the 1840s to the ultimate of the Western Frontier in approximately 1900. this era was once the 1st time in American heritage that heavy ingesting and drug abuse turned a huge social quandary. ingesting used to be thought of to be an accredited pursuit for males on the time. Smoking opium used to be thought of to be deviant and linked to teams at the fringes of mainstream society, yet opium use and habit by means of ladies was once standard. This publication offers the heritage of either ingredients and the way their use unfold around the West, first and foremost for medicinal purposes--but how overuse and abuse resulted in the Temperance move and at last to nationwide Prohibition. This ebook stories the old truth of alcohol and opium use within the outdated West with out bias.
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Extra info for Alcohol and Opium in the Old West: Use, Abuse and Influence
D. 700. This is debatable, however, as there are earlier references to opium being grown in China. C. Opium was used by the Arabs as an international trading commodity, thus it is more likely that the Arabs organized the opium trade better than previously was the case and traded the drug in larger quantities. ”10 Arab traders controlled the opium trade for the next 800 years. Trade in the Middle Ages Though opium had been in casual use in the Far East for a long time, it was the Europeans who organized the opium trade into a large-scale industry.
Other alkaloids present in opium are nicotine, narcotine, atropine, cocaine, and mescaline. Why the opium poppy created these substances is not known, though several theories have been proposed. The most reasonable one appears to be that the plant produced these noxious chemicals to discourage animals that might want to eat the poppy for food. 3 The Poppy of Joy The opium poppy, Papaver somniferum, is part of a large botanical family that grows in the wild and in cultivated settings around the world.
The desert agave (Agave deserti) has a ﬂower stalk that reaches thirteen feet high and can contain as much as forty pounds of liquid. When the agave plant matures, which may take anywhere from ﬁve to twelve years depending on the species, a single large bud forms in the center to create a ﬂower. The plant’s energy goes into producing one giant ﬂower-stalk, so it blooms just once and then dies. American Indians extracted sap from the plant by cutting a hole in the bud and letting the liquid inside drain out.