By J. Harrigan
A political economic climate research of the background of nutrients protection within the Arab international, together with the position performed through the worldwide foodstuff rate predicament within the Arab Spring and the Arab reaction aiming at higher nutrition sovereignty through household foodstuff construction and land acquisition in a foreign country – the so-called land seize.
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Extra resources for The Political Economy of Arab Food Sovereignty
Low Serious Low Low Moderate Low Serious Low Serious Low Serious n/a Serious Alarming n/a Extremely Serious alarming Low Low Alarming GHI 2012 Moderate Serious n/a Fiscally strained and import dependent Most vulnerable Import dependent but fiscally sound Fiscally strained and import dependent Most vulnerable Less import dependent but fiscally strained Very low food security n/a Low food security Insecure Palestine n/a n/a Yemen Low food security Neutral Iraq High food security Neutral Lebanon Serious Very low security Neutral Syria Breisinger Serious et al.
Traditionally, global food prices and oil prices move together1 (ESCWA 2010, p. 1 Cereal import dependency and fiscal deficits Note: 2007 fiscal balance as percentage of GDP, 2005 cereal balances metric tonnes. Source: World Bank 2009a. tend to increase at the same time – but if they become de-coupled, this might increase the food security strain on the GCC group of Arab countries. Egypt, Sudan, and Syria are less dependent on cereal imports than the GCC countries, as they have a strong domestic food production base themselves, but they are fiscally strained.
It shows that between 15 and 25 per cent of Arab children younger than five years old are too short for their age. This leads Woertz (2013, p. 17) to conclude, ‘The lack of micro nutrients, not lack of calories or self-sufficiency, is the main food security issue in most Middle Eastern countries and the Gulf region’. The macro-level indicator used by Breisinger and his group is that of food imports as a ratio of total exports and net remittances. 3 illustrate the micro and macro classification for all Arab countries.