By Yong Bai
Subsea maintenance and inspection are expensive for petroleum and pipeline engineers and correct education is required to target making sure procedure energy and integrity. Subsea Pipeline Integrity and threat Management is definitely the right spouse for brand spanking new engineers who have to be conscious of the state of the art suggestions. This instruction manual deals a "hands-on" problem-solving method of integrity administration, leak detection, and reliability purposes corresponding to hazard research.
Wide-ranging and easy-to-use, the publication is jam-packed with information tables, illustrations, and calculations, with a spotlight on pipeline corrosion, versatile pipes, and subsea fix. Reliability-based versions additionally supply a call making device for daily use. Subsea Pipeline Integrity and hazard Management supplies the engineer the ability and data to guard offshore pipeline investments competently and successfully.
- Includes fabric choice for linepipe, in particular number of usual carbon metal linepipe
- Covers overview of varied varieties of corrosion techniques and definition of anti-corrosion layout opposed to inner in addition to exterior corrosion
- Gives approach and move insurance for pipeline platforms together with pipeline integrity management
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Additional resources for Subsea Pipeline Integrity and Risk Management
It may be concluded that • A new set of equations for calculating the bending moment strength are newly suggested for metallic pipes with corrosion defects or dent damage (and cracks). • The finite element method provides good predictions of the load versus deflection behavior of pipes. • Results from the developed analytical equations and finite element analyses are in good agreement for the range of variables studied. • Load and usage factors have been suggested for safety class low, normal, and high.
When the ratio p/pel is not small, the change in the initial ellipticity of the pipe should be considered and Eq. 30] must be used in calculating Mmax. 34] Assuming that this equation can be used with sufficient accuracy up to the yield point stress of the material, the following equation can be obtained for the uniform external overpressure pY, at which yielding in the extreme fibers begins: ! 35] pel pY þ pY À t rav rav It should be noted that the pressure PY determined in this manner is smaller than the pressure at which the collapse of the pipe, Pc, occurs, and it becomes equal to the latter only in the case of a perfectly round pipe.
If, on the other hand, the external overpressure is close to the collapse pressure, it is recommended that more comprehensive finite element analyses be performed. • For internal overpressure, the results agree well with results obtained using the finite element method, even though they may be a little conservative. REFERENCES  Kiefner JF, Vieth PH. A modified criterion for evaluating the remaining strength of corroded pipe. RSTRENG Project PR 3–805 Pipeline Research Committee. Battelle, Ohio: American Gas Association; 1989.