By Padhraig S. Fleming, Robert T. Lee
Comprehensive professional handbook overlaying the technological know-how and perform of useful equipment therapy
- Integrates scientific and educational components with emphasis on evidence-based study and its scientific application
- Suitable for trainee and working towards orthodontists
- Includes greater than six hundred images to reinforce readability of subject matters covered
- Features contributions from best clinicians and researchers within the field
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Extra info for Orthodontic functional appliances: theory and practice
Eur J Orthod. 1997; 19: 211–18. 21. Gilhuus‐Moe O. Fractures of the mandibular condyle in the growth period: Histologic and autoradiographic observations in the contralateral, nontraumatized condyle. Acta Odontol Scand. 1971; 29: 53–63. 22. Lund K. Mandibular growth and remodelling process after mandibular fractures. Acta Odont Scan. 1974; 32: Suppl 64. 23. Sahm G, Witt E. Long term results after childhood condylar fracture: A CT study. Eur J Orthod. 1990; 11: 154–60. 24. Meikle MC. In vivo transplantation of the mandibular joint of the rat: An autoradiographic investigation into cellular changes at the condyles.
Quantitative and qualitative assessment of the turnover activity in the cartilage and bone suggests that although the growth activity decreases, some growth activity in the condyle was evident up to 30 years of age, and in acromegaly the condyle is responsive up to 37 years of age. Other investigators provide evidence of the role of functional factors in subsequent growth, maturation and functional adaptation of the condylar cartilage. Kantomaa and Hall37 investigated the importance of cyclic adenosine‐monophosphate (cAMP) and calcium ions (Ca++) in mandibular condylar growth and adaptation.
The mandible was 5–15% longer than that of the control animals. They also reported that no genetically predetermined final length of the mandible could be detected. McNamara43, 44 has also carried out functional protrusive experiments using young adult rhesus monkeys and reported a consistent increase in the amount of condylar growth compared with the control animals. Limitations of animal experiments McNamara45 recognized the limitations of animal experiments and carried out clinical trials to evaluate the treatment effects of functional appliances on mandibular and maxillary growth.