By Karel Berka
For decades, Karel Berka has labored at many of the valuable difficulties of the idea of the sciences. right away a truth seeker, a mathematician, a cautious scholar of the actual sciences and the social sciences, and a pointy yet sympathetic critic of the key philosophies of technology during this century, Berka brings to this treatise on dimension either his technical mastery and his historic sensitivity. We delight in his cautious research of his predecessors, significantly Helmholtz, Campbell, Holder, Bridgman, Camap, Hempel, and Stevens, and of his contemporaries reminiscent of Brian Ellis and likewise Patrick Suppes and J. L. Zinnes. the problems to be clarified are commonplace yet nonetheless troubling: how one can justify the conceptual transition from class to a metric; the way to discover how you can supply a quantitative figuring out of a qualitative suggestion; certainly tips to comprehend, and thereby keep an eye on, the Galilean enthusiasm "to degree what's measurable and to attempt to render measurable what's now not in order yet".
Read or Download Measurement: Its Concepts, Theories and Problems PDF
Best history & philosophy books
Over a interval of numerous centuries, the educational learn of hazard has developed as a different physique of notion, which keeps to persuade conceptual advancements in fields comparable to economics, administration, politics and sociology. despite the fact that, few scholarly works have given a chronological account of cultural and highbrow tendencies in relation to the knowledge and research of hazards.
In earlier books Arnold Pacey has written concerning the position of principles and beliefs within the production of expertise, concerning the worldwide background of know-how, and approximately how the advanced interplay of political, cultural, financial, and medical impacts determines the process technological perform. In that means in know-how, he explores how an individual's feel of goal and that means in lifestyles can impact the form and use of expertise.
- The Cultural Context of Medieval Learning
- Inventing the Earth: Ideas on Landscape Development since 1740
- Mathematical and Experimental Modeling of Physical and Biological Processes
- Epistemology and political philosophy in Gilbert Simondon : individuation, technics, social systems
- Selected Papers on Language and the Brain
Additional resources for Measurement: Its Concepts, Theories and Problems
It is quite possible that this idea appeared too radical, even to those very people who fought for MAGNITUDES 41 the replacement of magnitudes by numbers in mathematics. B. Russell, in his work The Principles of Mathematics (1903), attempted to construct a mathematical theory of quantities which, on the one hand, would be independent of number theory, yet, on the other, would not aim at meeting the needs of the theory of measurement. In this period one can even witness the culmination of the efforts to demonstrate theoretically that mathematics is a system of magnitudes which comprises geometrical magnitudes, namely, lines, segments, angles, planes and bodies, Eudoxian proportions and all species of numbers, including natural numbers.
We might consider the necessary ontologico-gnosiological presuppositions, the objective conditions under which we can say about some property of the measured object that it is an object of measurement and so it admits the possibility of an empirically relevant numerical mapping. These problems must inevitably lead us towards the differentiation of qualitative and quantitative aspects and towards the distinction between quantity and qUality. The object of measurement must also be judged from the standpoint of the mutual relationship between the empirical and numerical aspects of measurement.
If we ascertain the size of a certain population, say, the number of persons who had reached the age of 50, and if we express the result in the statement, "There are 10 persons in the population in question," the numerical expression refers again to the size of this population and not to the age of individual persons. Obviously, there are some differences between these two cases. In one we are considering the property of an object and in the other, the properties of a class of objects. At the same time, what is the role played by these same objects?