By Abraham Unger
This ebook examines how privatization has reworked towns, rather in the course of the position of commercial development Districts (BIDs) within the revitalization of America’s downtown. those public-private partnerships among homeowners and municipal executive have constructed retail strips around the usa into way of life and advertisement hubs. BIDs are non-profit group enterprises with the general public strength to tax and spend on companies of their districts, yet they're unelected our bodies frequently working within the shadows of neighborhood govt. They paintings as brokers of monetary improvement, yet are they democratic? What will we study from BIDs in regards to the responsibility of public-private partnerships, and the way they influence our lives as electorate? Unger explores those questions of neighborhood democracy and concrete political economic climate during this age of rampant privatization and the reinvention of neighborhoods.
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Additional resources for Business Improvement Districts in the United States: Private Government and Public Consequences
Receipt in full of assessment funds does not prevent a DMA from seeking alternative funding sources through traditional private charitable fundraising activities. As a non-profit organization, a BID can also solicit and receive tax-deductible contributions. Local government maintains a representative hand in BID governance through minority board representation and final approval over the criteria determining a BID’s annual income. It is enabled and structured though according to public state legislative standards.
PRIVATIZATION IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD 23 NOTES 1. Henig, J. (1989, Winter). Privatization in the United States: Theory and practice. , & Savitch, H. V. (2002). Cities in the international marketplace. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 2. , Jr. (1991). The privatization controversy: Privatization and its alternatives (W. ). Wisconsin: The University of Wisconsin Press; Jones, B. (1995). Bureaucrats and urban politics: Who controls? Who benefits? In J. David, S. Gerry, & W. ), Theories of urban politics.
1999). A government for our time? Business improvement districts and urban governance. Columbia Law Review, 99(2), 365–477. Columbia Law Review Association. 8. , et al. (2007). The benefits of business improvement districts: Evidence from New York City. New York: The Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy. 9. Ellen, I. , Schwartz, A. , & Voicu, I. (2009). The impact of business improvement districts on property values: Evidence from New York City. Brookings-Wharton Papers on Urban Affairs, 2007, 1–39.