By Christine Mollier
Mollier surveys some of the 40,000-odd manuscripts present in a sealed chamber at Dunhuang, with a specific eye to the relatives among Taoism and Buddhism.
Against a history of interfaith competition (in which Taoists may depict Lao-tzu reincarnating as Buddha to transform the foreigners, when Buddhists had Lao-tzu as Buddha's disciple) she unpicks a few fascinating stuff approximately comparable doctrines showing within the texts of the 2 assorted faiths. Buddhist sturdiness sutras prove to have stolen their texts wholesale from Taoist originals; Taoism in go back modelled a whole deity upon a Buddhist bodhisattva.
There is way neighborhood color for someone who has an curiosity during this type of factor -- descriptions of witchcraft practices (watch out for 'gu'!) and use of the large Dipper, etc., revealing morsels of perform and trust. complete texts are translated; the scholarship is particularly capable and every now and then wry.
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Additional info for Buddhism and Taoism Face to Face: Scripture, Ritual, and Iconographic Exchange in Medieval China
It consists in calling the deity’s name in order to obtain his immediate and unfailing assistance in the face of impending danger. As will be seen, this accessible and easy rite has a Buddhist origin that can be traced back to the Lotus Sūtra’s advocacy of the invocation of Guanyin’s name to save persons from peril. Another type of ritual paraphernalia is connected with the anthropomorphic representations that were actively used in medieval liturgies: effigies. Puppets, as will be seen in the second chapter, were among the favorite implements of Chinese sorcerers, who manipulated them to bewitch their victims.
3032 (col. 32). ” 42. 3032 version. S. 2680 gives the character chen 塵 (dust, stain) instead of yi 醫 (medicine). ” The Heavenly Kitchens 35 Recitations of incantations, invocations to deities, and meditation to harmonize the physical and the mental are the main components of the Method of the Sūtra of the Three Kitchens. It is advertised as a practice of immortality particularly suitable for persons who have a special disposition for the energetic practices of Yin and Yang, and it leads the adept to complete satiation, longevity, clarity of mind, and eternal youth.
2703 R°) gives a list of three divinities with similar names. 3032 bears eight names identical to the one presented in the Kōyasan version: Shi-ye-qie-mo-sa 十謁伽末薩, Duo-qie-mo-po-na 多伽摩波那, Jiu-siluo-di-xin 救思羅諦信, and Duo-luo-a-ti-qie 多羅阿提伽, then Ye-qie-mo-si-sha 謁伽末四 The Heavenly Kitchens 33 At dawn, one turns in the chen 辰 direction (southeast, toward the sun). 30 After fourteen days, one is nourished by the broth of jade (yujiang 玉漿, saliva). All good male and female disciples who want to practice this Method of the Three Kitchens must first succeed in controlling and purifying their hearts; they must burn the finest incense and secretly recite the names of the aforementioned divinities, perform rites of contrition, and pray to obtain protection and support.