By Sneh Mahajan
A not easy research of British international coverage is equipped at a time while Britain possessed the largest Empire that humankind has ever recognized. during this Empire India had a different place, comprising ninety seven consistent with cent of Britain's Asiatic Empire. All British statesmen deemed it necessary to hold their carry over India regardless of the probability or rate of doing so.This paintings specializes in features which have been hitherto marginalized. It additionally contributes to debates surrounding the origins of the 1st global struggle, the multipolar international relations of the overdue 19th century, and the character of imperial connections.
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Additional resources for British Foreign Policy 1874-1914: The Role of India (Routledge Studies in Modern European History)
151 In practice, however, the government of India could enjoy only limited power. It was a subordinate government, an arm of the government at London. 152 Moreover, once it was recognised that Britain would cease to be a world power if it ceased to possess India, the question of retaining the Raj became one of national interest. This created essential unity of purpose and harmony between the authorities in London and Calcutta/Delhi. For this purpose, the Foreign Office, the India Office, the War Office, the government of India and the Committee of Imperial Defence carefully and systematically sifted and exchanged opinions and information regarding Russia’s plans, actions and military potentialities.
104 Afghanistan was a landlocked country with ill-defined frontiers, touching by the mid-nineteenth century Persia, the Indian Empire and many territories under tribal chiefs, some independent and some quasi-independent. The British government kept a watchful eye on this region even before the Indian Empire reached the Hindu Kush in the 1840s. In 1836, when a Russian envoy appeared in Kabul, the British invaded Afghanistan with a view to installing a friendlier ruler. 105 Thereafter, the government of India adopted a policy of deliberate aloofness.
But it would be well to point out here that Britain’s goal was not to work either for independence or integrity of the Ottoman Empire per se. Its purpose was to prevent Russia from moving in, and for this purpose it wanted to ensure that the Turks were in a strong position to resist Russia’s penetration. Continuation of the Ottoman Empire served another purpose as well. The Ottoman ruler was not just the Sultan of Turkey but also the khalifa, the religious leader of the Muslims. Muslims formed about 15 per cent of the population of the Indian Empire.