By James Jones
Spiritual terrorism has develop into the scourge of the fashionable global. What reasons an individual to kill blameless strangers within the identify of faith? As either a medical psychologist and an expert on comparative faith, James W. Jones is uniquely certified to deal with this more and more pressing query. examine at the psychology of violence exhibits that a number of components paintings to make traditional humans flip "evil." those contain emotions of humiliation or disgrace, an inclination to determine the area in black and white, and demonization or dehumanization of different humans. Authoritarian faith or "fundamentalism," Jones exhibits, is a very wealthy resource of such rules and emotions, which he reveals in the course of the writings of Islamic jihadists, equivalent to the 9-11 conspirators.
Jones is going directly to practice this version to 2 very various spiritual teams that experience engaged in violence: Aum Shinrikyo, the Buddhist splinter staff at the back of the sarin fuel assaults within the Tokyo subway process, and individuals of the extraordinary spiritual correct within the U.S. who've encouraged and devoted violence opposed to abortion services. Jones notes that no longer each adherent of an authoritarian team will flip to violence, and he indicates how theories of character improvement can clarify why sure everyone is simply recruited to accomplish terrorist acts.
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Extra info for Blood That Cries Out From the Earth: The Psychology of Religious Terrorism
By its continual citation of the Koran and quoting of precedents from Islamic history, as well as its insistence that jihad is a religious duty, Milestones graphically illustrates the ways in which Islamic militancy is a religious movement. But these concerns are not unique to the jihadists. They are paralleled in fundamentalist movements in all the other religions of the world (Kimball, 2002; Lawrence, 1989; Marty & Appleby, 1994). As religious movements, Islamic fanaticism and all fundamentalisms and fanaticisms can be approached psychologically using the tools developed in the clinical psychology of religion.
Again, the point is that the vast majority of people who commit terrorism or genocide are normal people who are not psychopathological. Normal people have inhibitions against killing other human beings. These inhibitions have to be overcome or disengaged in order for normal people to become terrorists and killers. ” Bandura emphasizes that people need a moral justiﬁcation before they will engage in reprehensible actions. He argues that “the conversion of socialized people into dedicated ﬁghters is achieved not by altering their personality structures, aggressive drives, or moral standards.
Qutb was imprisoned by Colonel Nassar, the ruler of Egypt, released, and then imprisoned again after an attempt on Nassar’s life by the Muslim Brotherhood. He was tortured in prison, brieﬂy released, rearrested for plotting against the government, and given the death sentence. “Thank God,” he is reported to have said, “I performed jihad for ﬁfteen years until I earned this martyrdom” (Wright, 2006: 31). While in prison Qutb (1996) wrote and smuggled out a series of brief polemics that were bound together and published underground with the title Milestones.