By Roland Paris
Exploring the problem of rehabilitating nations after civil wars, this examine reveals that trying to rework war-shattered states into liberal democracies with industry economies can backfire badly. Roland Paris contends that the quick advent of democracy and capitalism within the absence of powerful associations can bring up instead of lessen the risk of renewed scuffling with. A more advantageous method of post-conflict peacebuilding will be to introduce political and financial reform in a steady and regulated demeanour.
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Extra resources for At War's End: Building Peace after Civil Conflict
161; and Held 1998, p. 11. 27 Gwartney and Lawson 2000. Sachs 1999, p. 98. See also Gilpin 2000, p. 15. 28 This was the political and ideological milieu in which the first flurry of peacebuilding operations were launched at the very end of the Cold War – and it was the context that shaped the design and conduct of these operations in fundamental ways, as we shall see. The Agents of Peacebuilding When faced with the task of postconflict peacebuilding, the world’s leading international organizations seemed almost predisposed to adopt strategies promoting liberal market democracy as a remedy for conflict.
112 Slaughter 1998, p. 129. xml CY338/Paris 0521834120 March 5, 2004 8:37 Foundations 36 and because their openness makes it much more difficult to breach agreements in secret. 114 In the report, Boutros-Ghali expressed a similar missionary-like faith in the many benefits of liberal democracy. Given the importance of the UN as a peacebuilding agency and symbol of the international community, and the fact that the organization had been so riven by ideological disputes during the Cold War, the Agenda for Democratization is worth quoting at length.
Xml CY338/Paris 18 0521834120 March 5, 2004 8:37 Foundations The term “peace operations” emerged as a generic label for the wide variety of missions that the UN began to conduct at this time, since many of these interventions no longer seemed to fit the traditional mold of peacekeeping. 9 Among other things, Boutros-Ghali differentiated between peacekeeping, peace enforcement, and postconflict peacebuilding. 11 The operations in Bosnia and Somalia, both of which were authorized to use armed force to accomplish their goals, represented early applications of the peaceenforcement concept.