By Dharam P. Abrol
The international is dealing with nutrition quandary because the transforming into human inhabitants is posing a chance to traditional assets and speedy imminent famine. within the subsequent 50 years, the worldwide inhabitants is predicted to arrive nine billion doubling the foodstuff, feed and crop call for. Concomitantly, this example has extra annoyed due to pollinator decline around the globe leading to pollination situation. those difficulties were extra aided and abetted by way of an absence of prophylactic development within the conservation of biodiversity and elevated agricultural creation. between pollinators, honeybees are declining at alarming fee. the ecu honeybee Apis mellifera is a well-studied insect. however the Asiatic honeybee Apis cerana which has supplied mankind with beneficial items, conservation of usual assets and pollination of agricultural vegetation is comparatively little understood. This e-book discusses info on diversified elements of Apis cerana biology, biogeography, copy, genetics, molecular phylogeny, interplay with different spoecies, floral assets, dance language, protection from insecticides, administration difficulties, lack of genetic range, behavioural defence, function in nutrients creation, livelihood safety and conservation concepts for safeguarding biodiversity and adorning crop productivity. The compilation of this booklet is exclusive within the feel that during the context of pollinator decline over the realm, conservation of this species may be a step for maintaining nutrition protection. The booklet might be priceless to beekeepers, pollination biologists, scholars, academics, scientists of agriculture, animal behaviour, botany, conservation, biology, ecology, entomology, environmental biology, forestry, genetics, plant breeding, horticulture, toxicology, zoology, seed growers and seed agencies.
The writer is a well-known bee scientist, honoured with numerous nationwide and foreign awards. He has released over two hundred unique examine papers, authored 10 books and visited Switzerland, Poland, South Korea,Malaysia and a number of other nations as particular invitee.
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Additional info for Asiatic Honeybee Apis cerana: Biodiversity Conservation and Agricultural Production
Mellifera into indigenous areas of A. cerana is encouraging farmers to replace A. cerana with the exotic bee, and introducing diseases and parasites against which A. cerana has no resistance. The exotic bee species A. mellifera have proved much superior and less problematic than the indigenous honeybee A. cerana (Atwal 2000). It has been found to yield several times more honey than A. cerana besides having many other useful traits such as resistance to diseases, low swarming tendency, and gentle temperament.
Cerana is found only in remote mountainous areas, almost like a relic, which could soon become an endangered species” (Ruttner 1988). Similar situation occurred in India and other Asian countries. It is expected that A. mellifera will serve the commercial beekeeping in most parts of the state, whereas A. cerana will continue to subsist in marginal beekeeping areas, which are less suitable for A. mellifera. The major factor for decline in populations of A. cerana has been the nonacceptability of this species by beekeepers and the farming community in comparison to A.
Heat and long storage under tropical conditions reduce the enzyme content. Microscopical analysis of apiary honeys (Seethalakshmi 1983) shows generally a high pollen content. The absolute pollen count of 12 samples studied varied from 26,000 to 225,000 grains per 10 g. The pollen types in the honeys showed a wide range. 54 (Phadke et al. 1969). It resembles the rockbee wax in having a low acid value compared to that of the European beeswax. Analyzing the factors causing the low acid value, Phadke et al.