By Yuichi Kubota (auth.)
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Extra info for Armed Groups in Cambodian Civil War: Territorial Control, Rivalry, and Recruitment
29 Weinstein offers an answer to these questions by focusing on resource endowments. He contends that a group rich in resources or external support is more likely to attract opportunistic participants who are less faithful to the group and whose main motivation is to loot, whereas more committed individuals are preferred and recruited by an armed group whose resources are scarce. 30 In contrast, although the latter may lack material resources distributable to supporters, if the presence of social endowments can make promises of future rewards credible, those endowments will serve to strengthen the unofficial contract between leaders and combatants.
In other words, civilians are more likely to collaborate with an armed group when their chances of punishment by the rival group are limited and the payoffs for participation are relatively high. However, for civilians who live nearer to the government-controlled areas, the cost of joining the rebels increases, because the government can patrol in the areas. An individual’s willingness to join the rebel forces, consequently, is lowered near the government’s areas. The rate at which willingness to participate declines as the cost of participation increases varies.
50 In contrast, a group whose material resources are scarce relies on the recruitment of those with similar ethnic, religious, or ideological identities and uses the promise of future rewards. I doubt this one-to-one correspondence between a group’s endowments and its recruitment strategy, and instead assume that a group will use various mobilization measures simultaneously and in combination, ranging from voluntary recruitment to the involuntary mobilization of combatants. 51 Civilian collaboration comes from the population that an armed group controls, often through coercive measures.