By Ernest E. Ludwig
Just like the different volumes during this 3-volume set, quantity three emphasizes how you can follow suggestions of strategy layout and the way to interpret effects into mechanical gear info. It makes a speciality of the utilized features of chemical engineering layout to assist layout and/or undertaking engineers in score technique standards, specifying for buying reasons, and examining and choosing the mechanical gear had to fulfill the method capabilities. approach chemical engineering and mechanical hydraulics are incorporated within the layout procedures.
Provides prepared layout tactics, apparatus appropriate for software choice, and charts in without problems usable form
Covers warmth move, refrigeration platforms, compression surge drums, and mechanical drivers
Read Online or Download Applied Process Design for Chemical and Petrochemical Plants, Vol. 3 PDF
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Additional resources for Applied Process Design for Chemical and Petrochemical Plants, Vol. 3
C. Net effective tube length. This is the net length of tube exposed inside the shell and available for contact by the shell-side fluid. This length accounts for the thickness of each tubesheet (and for the double tubesheets when used). For design purposes, it is usually estimated from experience, allowing about 1. 1 1/2 in. per tubesheet for low-pressure units. 2. 2—3 in. per tubesheet for high-pressure exchangers, 200 psi—400 psi. D. Exact baffle spacing. In some instances the baffle spacing must be rearranged to allow for a nozzle or coupling connection.
Besides preventing a destruction of the tubes, impingement plates serve to spread out and distribute the incoming fluid into the tube bundle. If they are used in proper relation to the bundle cross-flow baffles, the fluid can be effectively spread across the bundle near the inlet end. If this is not accomplished, part of the tube area will be stagnant, and its heat transfer will be less than the other parts of the 66131_Ludwig_CH10A 30 5/30/2001 4:08 PM Page 30 Applied Process Design for Chemical and Petrochemical Plants exchanger.
TEMA107 presents a formula for calculating the minimum wall thickness. D. or tube in in. R ϭ mean radius of bend, in. See TEMA for more details. 5. Baffles Baffles are a very important part of the performance of a heat exchanger. Velocity conditions in the tubes as well as 66131_Ludwig_CH10A 5/30/2001 4:07 PM Page 25 Heat Transfer 25 those in the shell are adjusted by design to provide the necessary arrangements for maintenance of proper heat transfer fluid velocities and film conditions. Consider the two classes of baffles described in the following sections.