By Jung-yao Lu
The comparative research of historic linguistics specializes in reconstructing historical styles in accordance with diachronic files and typological information from a number of languages or dialects in a language team. the final word goal of the comparative reconstruction which calls for major cross-linguistic statement and theoretical reasoning is to illustrate the old strategy of language alterations. This booklet considers the diachronic improvement of either the chinese and the Naxi language, focusing fairly upon six contentious linguistic matters which are linked to a number of linguistic alterations in so much components of the grammar of those languages, together with phonological alterations, semantic alterations, syntactic alterations, and contact-induced adjustments. those linguistic matters are: tonal splits in proto-checked syllables and subgrouping of Loloish; the semantic improvement of go back in chinese language; the semantic improvement of soak up chinese language; the improvement of agentive passive markers in definite dialects of chinese language; definiteness and nominalization, relativization, and genitivization in chinese language; and the advance of nominalization, relativization, and genitivization in Naxi. This quantity offers new equipment and views by which those concerns will be analyzed and resolved at the foundation of typological and diachronic facts. It makes use of cross-linguistic info from chinese language and the Tibeto-Burman languages for you to reconstruct a number of diachronic advancements in chinese language and Naxi.
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Extra info for An Investigation of Various Linguistic Changes in Chinese and Naxi
The reconstructed forms for theses words are mainly taken from Matisoff (1972). The phonetic transcriptions for the words from Lahu, Hani (Luchun), Hani (Mojiang), Lisu, Jinuo, Written Burmese, Burmese (Yangon), and Achang are taken from the same source—The Tibeto-Burman Lexicon (Huang 1992). The sources of these words are provided in Appendices N and O. The phonetic transcriptions for the words from Naxi and Mosuo are mainly taken from Naxiyu Jianzhi (A grammar of Naxi (He and Jiang 1986)), The Tibeto-Burman Lexicon (Huang 1992), and A Descriptive Grammar of Yongning Na (Mosuo) (Lidz 2010).
It is also very difficult to believe that the genetic relationship between Nanhua and 50 Chapter Two Mosuo is closer than that between Naxi and Mosuo. Ge and Jiang (1990:67, 73) point out that the percentage of words which are cognates between Naxi and Mosuo is over sixty percent when excluding loanwords. Clearly, Naxi and Mosuo should be put in the same language branch within *LB. Now let us return to the arguments about Naxi posed by Bradley (1975:99). Bradley claims that the pre-nasalized stops, such as /mb-/, /nd-/, or /Ŭ-/, in Naxi may be due to language contact.
In addition, Proto-Burmish, which is the sibling language of Proto-Loloid, maintained an un-split tone from *checked syllables. 1. 1, Proto-Lahoid belongs to the pattern of regularity; Proto-Nasoid belongs to the pattern of flip-flop; Proto-Mosoid belongs to the pattern of irregularity; and Proto-Burmish belongs to the pattern of un-split. It is very obvious that Nakhi (Naxi) in the Mosoid group is coordinated with the Loloish group under the more inclusive Loloid family, but Naxi is definitely excluded from the Loloish branch.