By Sharon M. Leon
Within the first half the 20th century, supporters of the eugenics flow provided a picture of a racially reworked the United States via curbing the copy of "unfit" individuals of society. via institutionalization, obligatory sterilization, the restrict of immigration and marriages, and different equipment, eugenicists promised to enhance the inhabitants - a coverage schedule that was once embraced via many major intellectuals and public figures. yet Catholic activists and thinkers around the usa adversarial lots of those measures, announcing that "every guy, even a lunatic, is a picture of God, now not a trifling animal." In "An photo of God", Sharon M. Leon examines the efforts of yankee Catholics to thwart eugenic guidelines, illuminating the ways that Catholic notion reworked the general public dialog approximately person rights, the position of the country, and the intersections of race, neighborhood, and relatives. via an exam of the wider questions raised during this debate, Leon casts new gentle on significant concerns that stay primary in American political existence at the present time: the establishment of marriage, the position of presidency, and the separation of church and nation. this can be crucial studying within the background of faith, technology, politics, and human rights.
Read Online or Download An Image of God: The Catholic Struggle with Eugenics PDF
Similar history & philosophy books
Over a interval of a number of centuries, the tutorial research of hazard has developed as a different physique of notion, which maintains to steer conceptual advancements in fields corresponding to economics, administration, politics and sociology. despite the fact that, few scholarly works have given a chronological account of cultural and highbrow developments with regards to the certainty and research of hazards.
In past books Arnold Pacey has written concerning the position of rules and beliefs within the construction of know-how, in regards to the worldwide historical past of expertise, and approximately how the complicated interplay of political, cultural, financial, and medical affects determines the process technological perform. In which means in expertise, he explores how an individual's experience of function and which means in lifestyles can impact the form and use of know-how.
- New trends in fluid mechanics research : proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Fluid Mechanics (Shanghai, 2007)
- Inference, Method and Decision: Towards a Bayesian Philosophy of Science
- Ancient Egyptian Science, A Source Book. Volume Three: Ancient Egyptian Mathematics (Memoirs of the American Philosophical Society)
- Felix Klein and the History of Modern Mathematics
- The Rise of Scientific Philosophy
- The Medusa and the Snail: More Notes of a Biology Watcher
Additional info for An Image of God: The Catholic Struggle with Eugenics
Goddard, the director of research at the Training School for Feebleminded Boys and Girls, a prominent site of eugenics investigations in Vineland, New Jersey. In addition to coining the term “moron,” Goddard used Binet’s intelligence scale to popularize the notion that intelligence was passed from generation to generation as a single trait that followed Mendelian laws of inheritance. In his 1912 account of the Kallikak family, Goddard and his assistants traced two family lines, one “good” and one “bad,” to a single father.
Second, it had assumed that the intellect of the Catholic laity was dominated by the hierarchy, with no rational or scientiﬁc thought of its own. Finally, it perceived Catholic moral theology as mired in medieval methodology and antimodern rationales. Together, these stereotypes left readers with the impression that Catholics lingered in a mindless state of unenlightenment. Accordingly, the AES executive committee turned to Ryan and Cooper, who were recognized both within and outside of the Catholic community as progressives who were interested in social policy and public welfare.
Given the small numbers of African American Catholics, this world of racial variety would appear mostly white to contemporary eyes. Assumptions about these racial distinctions continued for decades and created a complicated racial terrain. 34 Birth Control On guard against immorality and reform movements that unfairly discriminated against their co-religionists, Catholic writers, scientists, and social scientists raised social objections about the movement to provide unfettered access to literature about contraception and birth control devices.