By Efstathios E. (Stathis) Michaelides (auth.)
Alternative strength resources is designed to offer the reader, a transparent view of the position each one type of substitute strength may well play in providing the strength wishes of the human society within the close to destiny (20-50 years).
The first chapters on "energy call for and provide" and "environmental effects," set the tone as to why replacement power is vital for the longer term. The 3rd bankruptcy supplies the legislation of strength conversion tactics, in addition to the restrictions of changing one strength shape to a different. The part on exergy provides a quantitative historical past at the capability/potential of every strength resource to provide strength. The fourth, 5th and 6th chapters are expositions of fission and fusion nuclear power, the facility vegetation that can produce energy from those resources and the problems that may body the general public debate on nuclear power. the next 5 chapters comprise descriptions of the most typical renewable strength assets (wind, sunlight, geothermal, biomass, hydroelectric) a number of the much less universal resources (e.g. tidal and wave energy). The emphasis of those chapters can be at the international strength of every resource, the engineering/technical structures which are utilized in harnessing the possibility of every one resource, the technological advancements that might give a contribution to wider usage of the resources and environmental results linked to their wider use. The final 3 chapters are: "energy storage," with a view to turn into a major factor if renewable power assets are used widely.
The fourteen chapters within the e-book were selected in order that one may go a semester collage direction round this booklet. on the finish of each bankruptcy, there are 10-20 difficulties and 1-3 feedback of semester tasks which may be assigned to scholars for additional examine.
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Extra info for Alternative Energy Sources
Therefore, based on the recent natural gas production data, 30 1 Energy Demand and Supply there is no clear evidence that a well-defined Hubbert peak exists in the consumption of natural gas. The crude oil consumption in the Unites States follows a similar pattern. The domestic production of oil in the USA shows that a maximum was reached in the 1980s and that this production has been decreasing since that decade. However, the consumption of petroleum and liquid hydrocarbons in the USA continued to increase as the domestic production and the increased demand was satisfied by relatively cheap petroleum imports from the Middle East and the South American countries.
The students of the book will become familiar with the governing principles for the harnessing of alternative energy sources and will be able to apply this knowledge to conduct feasibility studies and to design engineering systems in order to make the best use of these energy resources. At the same time, the students will become familiar with the political, social and economic issues that surround the use of alternative energy sources and the global climatic change and will be able to participate as experts in the ongoing societal debates related to these issues.
At the intersection of the supply and demand curves, the supply and demand of a given commodity are at equilibrium. The intersection point of the two curves determines the price of the commodity at equilibrium. 7 depicts typical demand and supply curves for a relatively inelastic commodity such as petroleum. The equilibrium price, P, 18 1 Energy Demand and Supply Fig. 7 Typical demand and supply curves of a commodity such as petroleum is also shown at the intersection of the demand and supply curves, which are represented by the solid curves.