By Karel Werner
A multi-purpose reference paintings which should still turn into an fundamental spouse for anyone who comes into contact with Hinduism. features a dictionary of Sanskrit and vernacular phrases; a word list of phrases and ideas; and a survey of the old improvement of Hinduism.
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Extra info for A Popular Dictionary of Hinduism (Popular Dictionaries of Religion)
It is often used instead of the designation IE, sometimes, not quite appropriately, with racial meaning. Āryaman (Av. Airyaman) one of the Ādityas, representing the quality of nobleness, hospitality, protection and generosity. Ārya Samāj a Hindu reform movement founded in 1875 by Dayānanda (1824– 83) with the motto ‘Back to the Vedas’, but under the influence of some liberal modern ideas, resulting from European type education introduced to India. Although respecting caste distinctions, Dayānanda denied their religious status and introduced the ‘rite of purification’ (śuddhi) for readmission into Hinduism of converts to other religions.
Bhakti love, devotion. Often depicted in some as an overpowering emotion, it can be adopted as an exclusive goal of life, a way to God (bhaktimārga). It is also often regarded as a way of life which can be rationally and deliberately cultivated and it then becomes a ‘discipline of devotion’ (Bhakti Yoga). , Skt. a narcotic from a herb, Cannabis sativa, whose leaves are used for smoking and taken to induce altered states of consciousness by some sectarian sādhus. Bharata the name of several ancient Āryan personalities and of a powerful tribe which took part in the great war described in the epos Mbh and gave it its name.
It has four stages. brāhmī an early form of writing derived from a Semitic source which was used in Aśoka’s rock edicts and developed later into devanāgarī script. Roy (first as Brahma Sabhā), a kind of Hindu equivalent of European Unitarianism. It stressed INTRODUCTION 33 the unity of God, rejected priesthood, sacrifices, representations of God, the caste system and the teaching of reincarnation. Sen and it survives as a relatively small but progressive sect mainly in West Bengal. one of the most important belonging to the White YV, pre-Buddhist, ascribed to Yājñavalkya.