By Matthew Parish
Following the brutal wars which raged within the former Yugoslavia within the early Nineteen Nineties, Bosnia and Herzegovina used to be awkwardly partitioned into governing entities: the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska. yet there has been one a part of the rustic that can no longer be geared up into both type: the Breko District, a strategically serious land-bridge among the 2 components of the Bosnian Serb territory. This zone was once the topic of a hugely strange test: positioned below a regime of across the world supervised govt, Breko turned a ""free city,"" evoking the reminiscence of Trieste or Danzig within the nineteenth century. What has this scan in state-building printed concerning the historical past of this nook of the Balkans - and its destiny? What classes might be utilized to clash solution in different elements of the realm? And used to be the test winning or have the voters of Breko suffered additional by the hands of the foreign group? A unfastened urban within the Balkans investigates the increase and fall of Breko and post-war Bosnia and investigates what classes might be discovered for overseas peacekeeping missions elsewhere.
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Extra info for A Free City in the Balkans: Reconstructing a Divided Society in Bosnia (International Library of War Studies)
At least one thing is clear: if a policy of reintegration driven by the international community is to be successful, it will be a matter of decades rather than years before foreign intervention can be considered complete. Given a limited period of time, partition may be the only realistic option. International organisations Government in post-war Bosnia has been run by an international organisation called the Office of the High Representative (OHR), a UN specialist agency established by the Dayton Peace Accords that ended the war.
The evidence of what happens upon partition is not particularly rosy. 5 million people participated in a massive population exchange to ensure that the new nation of Pakistan would be principally Muslim, but the entire process was managed in an extremely chaotic way leading to vast loss of life. Anticipation of Indian independence from Britain provoked countrywide civil unrest and violent conflict between Hindus and Muslims in 1946, on a scale not unlike contemporary Iraq. A plan was rapidly developed by the British government to partition the country into two states, one majority Muslim and the other majority Hindu.
Thus representatives of each ethnic group will use every political negotiation as an opportunity to achieve an advantage over the other, and to resolve the security dilemma for that group. With two or more ethnic groups engaging BUILDING STATES 19 in that kind of behaviour, compromise is impossible without radical changes in social psychology that take generations. Only with external enforcement can such cooperation occur. But this implies that external enforcement must be virtually indefinite.