By Gwendolyn Leick
The Dictionary of old close to jap Mythology covers resources from Mesopotamia, Syro-Palestine and Anatolia, from round 2800 to three hundred BC. It includes entries on gods and goddesses, giving facts in their worship in temples, describing their 'character', as documented via the texts, and defining their roles in the physique of mythological narratives; synoptic entries on myths, giving where of starting place of major texts and a short historical past in their transmission throughout the a long time; and entries explaining using professional terminology, for things like different types of Sumerian texts or different types of mythological figures.
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Extra info for A Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Mythology
In view of the conceptual connection the Babylonians made between the steppe and the Underworld, the goddess was also associated with the realm of the dead, where she functioned as a scribe. e-ri was identified with the Sumerian goddess Geštinanna. Edzard, WdM 1965, 46 Berossus A Babylonian priest who lived under the reign of the Seleucid king Antiochus I (3rd C BC). He is known as the author of a volume called Babyloniaca. It was written in Greek. Only fragments of some mythological accounts are preserved, mainly in the form of quotations by later Greek writers.
During the Neo-Assyrian and Neo-Babylonian periods, when the collections for the royal archives were being made, literary texts from different scribal centres were copied and occasionally amended to reflect contemporary attitudes (see for instance the Gilgameš Epic, which was given a new ending by the addition of another tablet). The Babylonians inherited the culture and religious structures of the Sumerians. The scribes of the Old Babylonian period copied and translated a number of Sumerian mythological texts (see Ištar’s Descent, the Flood-myths and parts of the Gilgameš epic).
The fields are thus able to produce grain with the ‘water of abundance’. Quays and waterways, essential for profitable trade, are also erected; Dilmun is now a desirable place. ma, ‘mother of the land’, appears and Enki creates the marshland where he unites himself with Damgalnunna, who from this moment of conception on is called Ninsikil, ‘the pure lady’. After a pregnancy lasting nine days, she gives birth to Ninmu. , who in turn becomes impregnated by Enki and delivers Uttu, ‘vegetation’. Ninhursag now intervenes.